Closing, or settlement, costs are expenses over and above the price of the property. Where you are dealing with real estate in Charlotte or anywhere else, both the buyer and seller incur some of these expenses when transferring ownership of a property. Who actually pays, however, often depends on local custom and what the buyer or seller negotiates. Closing costs normally include title insurance, loan points, escrow or closing day charges, property taxes, and document fees. The lender provides an estimate of closing costs for prospective home buyers.